burle marx

Rachel Sisson e Renato Neumann (directors of the documentary), Roberto Burle Marx (1970)

The life history of Burle Marx, reflects the Brazilian vanguard’s creation of itself in the name of a national identity, despite having often been inspired by dialogue with Europe. If, on one hand, the landscape artist organized tropical nature into geometric projects, on the other, he adorned the buildings on which he worked — most of them in sober tones — with colors and forms; combining architecture with elements of “Brazilian-ness.” From early on in his career, Burle Marx was embraced by architects and critics; and he increasingly showed in national and international exhibitions. Partial similarities can be observed between Burle Marx and the draughtsman João Artacho Jurado. Like the landscape artist, Artacho invented a concept of color within the paradigms of his historic moment, incorporating decorative elements into his work—a style considered inferior by the academy and in architecture in general. However, unlike Burle Marx, Artacho had scant dialogue with the modernists of his time and to today has received very little attention or study. His architecture is often labeled as Americanized, read as “international style”—while Burle Marx is known as a “Brazilian modernist.”